The Mining History Centre opened in 1984 on the pit head of the former Delloye pit, on site of 8 hectares. Closed in 1971 because it was no longer profitable, the management of the state-owned Houillères du Nord et du Pas-de-Calais decided to create a memorial site to recount the life and culture of 3 centuries of mining activity. Material and documents flooded in from the other pits as they closed one by one. The last pit closed on 21st December 1990. Little by little, the site become an industrial and human memorial. The site includes a mine museum, a documentary resource centre, and a scientific culture centre for energy which explains the stakes for the mining activity, and all the information about energy sources for today and the future.