Vauban’s queen of citadels is one of Lille’s flagship monuments - a symbol of the city becoming French. The coexistence between its military function and its use as a public area has always existed. A place for strolling, the site for fun fairs, a park for leisure activities, a zoo... You will find all that at the citadel. Add joggers, families strolling, friends picnicking, waffles, cones of fries, terraces by the water, barges passing by or moored... In just a few words, that describes the convivial atmosphere that reigns on the banks of the Deûle and in the avenues of the Bois de Boulogne. The demolition of the stadium and the reconstruction of the surprising Napoléon bridge, unique in France, were the beginning of the major planning changes on the Esplanade.