The museum was founded by Henri Matisse himself in 1952, in Cateau-Cambrésis, the town where he was born. It is housed in the former 18th-century Palace of Fenelon, through whose majestic gates with blue-stone columns the archbishops of Cambrai once used to enter. Renovated and extended in 2002 so as to hold the growing collections, the palace is now a brightly-lit treasure trove, opening out onto a park lined with lime trees. The new wing, made of contemporary red brick and luminously transparent glass, is perfectly in tune with the classical style of the place. The museum contains prestigious collections, in which the works of Matisse feature strongly, taking you on an adventure of colour, opulent fabrics and beautiful models, infused with a passion for drawing and a love of poetry. You will also find the geometrical, abstract works of Herbin, donated by the artist himself in 1956, as well as a collection donated by Alice Tériade (2008) which features previously unknown works by Picasso, Rouault, Giacometti, Léger, Miro and Chagall.